The Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication, known as SWIFT, became a household name in 2016, when hackers breached Bangladesh Bank's SWIFT wire transfer system and made off with almost $81 million. More than a dozen other banks around the world were hit with similar cyberattacks. Although compromised wire transfer systems haven't made headlines lately, they're still happening—and starting to appear in the consumer world.
The intersection between cybersecurity and data privacy is making front-page news these days. The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), adopted by the European Union in 2016 and implemented in May 2018, represents a comprehensive regulatory effort with the objective of protecting consumer data and privacy. Organizations, or “controllers” of data in the language of the laws, must put in place “appropriate technical and organisational measures” to implement the data protection principles. There have been other legislative efforts in recent years dedicated to consumer data protection - the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act in the U.S. being one of them (though some of those regulations have since been removed or eased), but GDPR has been the most extensive.
In 2004, the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) became a fact of life for organizations that accept payment via credit or debit cards. In that year, the leading card issuers rolled out the first iteration of its security standard, designed to improve protection of payment systems as credit card data became a prime target for cyberattackers. Today, even as organizations have entire teams dedicated to PCI compliance, one consumer business after another—including Macy’s, Adidas, Panera Bread and Chili’s—have been breached, resulting in exposure of cardholder data.