The Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication, known as SWIFT, became a household name in 2016, when hackers breached Bangladesh Bank's SWIFT wire transfer system and made off with almost $81 million. More than a dozen other banks around the world were hit with similar cyberattacks. Although compromised wire transfer systems haven't made headlines lately, they're still happening—and starting to appear in the consumer world.
The intersection between cybersecurity and data privacy is making front-page news these days. The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), adopted by the European Union in 2016 and implemented in May 2018, represents a comprehensive regulatory effort with the objective of protecting consumer data and privacy. Organizations, or “controllers” of data in the language of the laws, must put in place “appropriate technical and organisational measures” to implement the data protection principles. There have been other legislative efforts in recent years dedicated to consumer data protection - the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act in the U.S. being one of them (though some of those regulations have since been removed or eased), but GDPR has been the most extensive.
My phone’s been ringing this morning from people wanting to talk about the massive Marriott breach — the revelation that private data associated with up to 500 million people may have been compromised. I’m sure there’s a lot more to learn from the details, but in the meantime, I’ll take a quick minute to jot down some initial thoughts:
In 2004, the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) became a fact of life for organizations that accept payment via credit or debit cards. In that year, the leading card issuers rolled out the first iteration of its security standard, designed to improve protection of payment systems as credit card data became a prime target for cyberattackers. Today, even as organizations have entire teams dedicated to PCI compliance, one consumer business after another—including Macy’s, Adidas, Panera Bread and Chili’s—have been breached, resulting in exposure of cardholder data.
Moody's Cyber Risk Group: “Cyber becomes more and more important.”
On November 12, Moody’s announced its intent to start incorporating in its credit rating method the degree to which an organization faces risk of major impact from a cyberattack. This follows the news, back in February 2018, that the Securities and Exchange Commission issued additional guidance on its requirement that public companies must “inform investors about material cybersecurity risks and incidents,” even if they have not yet been the target of a cyberattack.
More than $2.5 trillion in mergers were announced in the first half of 2018—a new record. Ranked by value of the deal, energy and power deals led, followed by media and entertainment, with healthcare and industrials close behind. Industries are converging and organizations are using acquisitions, divestitures, and other forms of asset remix to reposition their businesses. For example, there are numerous mergers among pharmaceutical, life sciences, and biotech companies as they seek to gain traction in a highly fragmented market. EY predicts that the total value of life sciences M&A will surpass $200 billion in 2018. According to Deloitte, technology acquisition is the primary driver of M&A pursuits, ahead of expanding customer bases in existing markets, and adding products or services.